Artificial turf is sold as the maintenance-free way to have year-round 'perfect turf' in your garden. Available in a plethora of styles and hues of green. It has seen an increase in demand from people wanting a quick and easy lawn solution. However, there's a strong environmental argument against 假 grass. This 文章 details both sides of the argument so you 能够 decide whether reduced garden maintenance is worth the damaging environmental consequences.

现在,人造草坪已经在我们花园中争夺真正的草坪。与活草相比,一位安装工对人造草皮的需求同比增长了200%。参观‘Garden & Landscaping’今年的展览让我亲身体验了大量人造草被推向消费者,设计师和园丁的情况。我可能会误以为我曾经在一个绿色地毯仓库中!

在我的 花园Design practice, 一世’我会定期与人造草皮供应商联系,以开始在我的设计中使用它。客户也越来越多地要求免维护草坪。有时我觉得’m drowning in a sea of virtual plastic during the initial design consultation having to discuss this time and time again. My position with 假 grass is that I won’用我认为的方式’对野生生物具有极高的破坏力,看上去扎眼,还有其他一些维护成本低的选择。但是,我认为最好扩大我的选择范围,以了解其他来源。你永远不知道,也许我’匆忙注销吗?

绿色人造草皮
与真正的草皮相比,人造草坪的最大卖点之一是节省了时间,减少了维护工作–但这真的可以节省时间吗?

I’ve决定通过与人为反对或反对人造草皮的人们接触来做更多的研究。一世’我们搜寻了许多文章,深入研究了社交媒体,并与领先的人造草皮网站的代表,花园设计师和草坪专家等进行了交谈,以就此事发表意见。这些是我的发现,可帮助您就人造草坪的成本,节省和环境影响是否值得做出明智的决定。

花园Ninjas award winning youtube channel

什么 is artificial turf?

Artificial turf, astroturf 要么 假 grass are all synthetic plastic-based woven mats that from a distance resemble grass. The majority of residential artificial grass is woven but there is also 3G crumb which is a rubberised alternative found in sports pitches (more on that later).

有各种不同的质量,样式和长度可供选择,以赋予花园空间不同的外观。如果您想象一块厚厚的绿色塑料线地毯,那’什么是人造草皮。有些类型甚至在织布机上编织后再衬有塑料或橡胶衬里。它’通常将其放置在压实的铁杆上,然后将现有的草坪清除掉,然后将接缝胶合或用胶带粘在一起。

绿色塑料人工草坪
这是无纺布人造草坪风格的一个例子。粗糙和粗糙。

It’几乎免维护,全年绿色环保,坚韧,适合儿童和宠物。听起来双赢’是吗?虽然我认为所有草坪一年四季都是绿色的,适合儿童和宠物。在大多数在线资源中,它通常与忙碌的房主保持一致,这些房主希望清洁的表面没有麻烦,在星期五晚上将热水浴池排出。让’我们会更详细地介绍免维护的主要优势。

人工草坪节省时间

One of the strongest arguments in favour of artificial lawn is time-saving. Rob from Solent 花园Services is an approved installer of one of the largest artificial grass suppliers. 如果你’ve not seen his urban garden makeover work you 能够 在Instagram上查看他。罗伯(Rob)向我讲述了他为何在一些花园设计工作中转而使用人造草皮。

我可能从潜在客户那里听到最多的一句话是‘We want a 低维护 garden’。他们想要一个多功能的空间–一个放松的地方,为孩子们提供娱乐场所。人造草坪在所有这些箱子上打勾。不再有泥土,割草或浇水罗伯·伍德豪斯– Solent 花园Services Ltd

我从亲身经历中知道 花园Designer just how many times I get asked for a 低维护 garden. In fact, it’几乎是园艺新手们的第一条评论。人们在忙碌的生活中,对业余时间的需求充满竞争。

Rob further commented on how far artificial turf has come from that Butchers window style 假 grass to something much more 真实istic. Varied ‘pile’长度从26毫米到40毫米不等,具体取决于客户的需求或各种颜色。其实我有些人造草皮’ve seen has tiny amounts of 假 ‘dead’里面的草使它看起来更逼真。

An example of a front garden nearly entirely covered in 假 grass – I still don’觉得它很现实!

I 能够’t 真实ly argue with the 低维护 argument in terms of time saved as you have to do very little with artificial grass once it’已被放置。鉴于英国园丁的平均支出 每年19.2个小时 修剪草坪,’如果您每年节省近一整天’re pushed for time! However, I do think that the care element is brushed over a bit with 假 grass. Many advocates I spoke to talk about a light rake over every now and then and brushing in some more sand to hide the matting underneath and joints.

假草需要更多的关注,尤其是在秋天落叶的时候,没有供应商我’我已经提到过。叶子实际上会坐在草丛中,而无法渗入土壤。造成湿滑的污物层,然后在人造草上引起霉菌。虽然水‘can’ permeate through the grasses matting its very slow to do so. In fact, anything that falls on the 假 grass is pretty much there unless you remove it. Whilst you 能够 still use a leaf blower I’我只是指出周围有很多树木可能会遇到的问题。在我自己的草坪上,我只是用割草机在秋天抽真空。

坐在人造草皮上的一片叶子
掉落在人造草皮上的任何东西(例如树叶)都需要清除’re near impossible to breakdown on 假 grass and you 能够’不要用割草机收集它们。

那里’如果您是动物废物,这也是一个问题’重新选择它,因为它的宠物友好证书。尽责 狗主人 know all too well that waste needs to be collected if for whatever reason one misses one it eventually will be recycled into the earth. On artificial grass, this waste 能够 get stuck in the matting and sit there as an awkward 桩. Slowly degrading causing a mess on your pristine 假 lawn. Given the artificial grass is sitting on top of compacted grit it’垃圾要倒回地面还需要很长时间。

人造草皮平均要花多少钱?

与铺设草坪相比,人造草坪绝不是便宜的选择 普通草坪。一位供应商提供给我的计算结果是,平均来说,一块10平方米的小草坪上装有人造草皮的费用为1300-1600英镑。首先,这是一个很小的草坪,请记住这一点。其次,许多供应商都说其使用寿命为10年。这意味着您的草坪在10年的时间里每年花费在£130-£160之间。

鉴于大多数选择人造草的人都在替换真正的草皮;我认为最好是详细说明这种情况下的潜在成本节省,而不是保留已有的成本。

So if we spend 19.2 hours a year maintaining a regular living lawn and you divide that by the cost of an artificial lawn we 能够 see the cost per hour for maintaining your garden as a direct comparison. At the cheaper £130 per year cost of artificial turf, the hourly cost to cut your own is £6.70 in comparison for the same spend. Meaning the 真实 question is whether you find this a big enough cost saving during the year? That every hour you save not mowing is costing you £6.70.

Lee Burkhill the 花园Ninja starting a Hayter Lawn Mower
人造草坪需要零切割,但安装成本更高

Obviously this does not take into account any maintenance of either lawn type outside mowing 要么 cleaning your artificial turf. However, it does make for interesting comparisons on the cost basis. Would you pay £6.70 not to mow your lawn if time-saving is the biggest benefit of artificial grass? 如果你 decide to brush in fine sand to help cover up the joins of 假 grass you’每年需要重新申请一次。可能要乘汽车去建筑商’商家和几个小时的刷牙。所有这些开始抵消了时间或节省成本。

花园Ninjas award winning youtube channel

Manufacture process and carbon emissions of 假 grass

人造草是使用塑料线制成的,然后将它们编织在一起并粘附到塑料或涂橡胶的背衬上以制成这种绿色地毯。制造用于人造草的塑料是非常耗能的过程。他们使用行业术语‘virgin’塑料。即它们是从头开始作为新的‘virgin product’目前还不是来自回收塑料。

能够合成关键的石化产品以 produce plastics using a lot of energy which again comes from burning fossil fuels in the most part. Plastic has many brilliant uses but its a completely inert substance and takes up to 450 years to biodegrade as you 能够 see in my 免胶园艺系列。这是所有人,尤其是园丁面临的巨大挑战。

最‘fake grasses’由4类或6类塑料制成。我的低成本选择 ’m told are usually Category 4 such as LDPE (Low-Density Polyethylene). LDPE is used in creating things from plastic buckets, plastic bags, dry cleaning sheaths and squeezy plastic bottles. It 能够 be recycled but it’大多数回收中心尚未广泛接受该方法。它’s almost treated as single-use plastic, ie the products 能够’当您轻松回收’re done with them.

草坪上的绿色塑料桶
Cat 4塑料桶:目前确实很难回收4类和6类塑料。这意味着更多的垃圾填埋场和塑料泄漏回环境。

It’s described as a softer plastic compared to category 6 plastic. Which is why some artificial grass companies claim its a lower quality. However, Category 6 plastic 要么 PS (Polystyrene) is usually considered structurally weak as well with studies showing just how quickly it breaks down and 能够 leach into the environment. Either way, they are both resource-intensive plastics. Whether your 假 turf is category 4 要么 category 6 the lack of recycling is still a major issue (more on that below with a shocking image).

另一个可悲的事实是,与天然草种子生产或人工草相比,人造草实际上甚至在燃烧之前就消耗了化石燃料。 只需维护现有的草坪。就行星成本而言,每小时可省下的£6.70费用。

然后是要考虑的运输费用。如果您想像一下该区域,’重新考虑用人造草皮做草皮,然后想象要覆盖多少塑料瓶。您可能对用绿色垫子填充该空间所需的塑料资源数量有一个很清楚的了解。所有这些每月可以节省几个小时。

人造草皮对环境的影响

With the time-saving argument covered off its time to move onto a more pressing drawback of 假 grass. The environmental impact of removing natural lawns for artificial plastic grass. We’我们已经确定,无论您如何打扮,人造草都是一种石油化学人造产品,基本上是塑料消光粉。它’用与其他类似的方法制成 塑料种类 用大量的资源和精力来生产最终产品。这需要结合实际有机草坪的影响进行讨论。

I’我一直在和英国说话’s ‘real’ lawn expert 大卫·赫奇斯·高尔 about the environmental impact that 假 grass is having on our ecosystem. It makes for a worrying conversation. David points out that grass is one of the toughest plants on the planet which 能够 withstand extremes in temperature making it ideal for a garden surface. He also points out that we rely on it for the careful management of water including 真实 grass acting as a partial flood defence here in the UK. We saw last year in the heatwave just how resilient grass is in extreme temperatures from drought to flooding. It helps both reduce the ambient temperatures in a heatwave and wicks away rainfall efficiently in times of heavy rainfall.

鲜切草
草为各种野生动植物提供了家园,更不用说帮助非常有效地吸收水。

By removing it and installing 假 grass we are actually making it harder for rainfall to permeate into underground soakaways. You may as well be opting to increase your chances of garden flooding during heavy rain. Some people have even argued that artificial grass is classed as a non-permeable surface and should be subject to planning consent like tarmac is in the UK as it is so slow at transfusing water through its matting to the ground.

Some people are still opting for using artificial grass in their gardens, but there is one big problem – 假 grass together with its matting and installation substrate 能够not percolate heavy rainwater as efficiently as natural turf. But that’s not all. It also 能够’t support the life cycles of fauna and flora. And it 能够’t absorb CO2 and other pollutants from the air we breathe.” 大卫·赫奇斯·高尔草坪护理专家.

I think everyone 能够 agree that plastic matting has pretty much zero environmental credentials when it comes to supporting wildlife. Given nothing 能够 survive in it other than feeding off 要么 ganic matter that may get stuck in the lawn. Compared to the 真实 thing where a vast ecosystem of 要么 ganisms, microbes, invertebrates and plant life 能够 survive helping both the food chain and biodiversity.

在为客户设计花园设计中的草坪时,我总是使用真正的草皮。当我解释它们在支持野生生物和减缓水流方面的作用时,他们的态度完全改变了。实际上,我已经注意到,有些人甚至开始把草坪的某些部分当作迷你草地去掉。真正将其作为花园中的特色植物。

这不仅为园丁节省了时间,而且在几周内看到了各种各样的花朵和昆虫争先恐后地定居在草地上。虽然您不需要修剪人造草,但是’我们也永远无法体验到真正的草坪给园丁和野生生物带来的环境效益。

Artificial turf compared to 真实 grass
大卫的这张图片’s 推特 page shows the relationship between the soil, roots and grass blades. Also, the density of 真实 grass compared to the 假 grass above. Why remove such biodiversity from your garden?

Artificial grass 能够 get extremely hot

Another issue raised by gardeners is that 假 turf in the summer months 能够 become extremely hot. In fact, there are numerous 文章s on the heat build-up in 假 grass as it 能够 act like a massive heat reserve storing up the heat and retaining it. Causing the ground the become far hotter than if it was home to 真实 turf which 能够 actually cool down the ground temperature in 热浪。这不仅使赤脚步行变得不那么愉快,而且对野生动植物也带来了更多的坏消息。

艾伦·园丁 (来自电视连续剧《自闭症的园丁》)对我进行了详尽的采访,谈到这种热量和塑料垫对生活在草丛中的微生物和细菌的危害。艾伦(Alan)解释说,夏季的热量积聚可能导致大面积的花园变得无菌。这种高温实际上会煮熟它下面的生物。野生动植物的灾难。他对假草表示怀疑,假装它不是假草。他继续告诉我,如果人们不这样做’想要养护草有很多替代方法,例如砾石,可渗透的石头或碎屑。所有这些都更加友善,并欢迎在我们的花园中延续急需的野生动植物。

Artificial turf 能够 literally cook the ground beneath it. Zero room for any meaningful life to survive.

这些塑料垫下积聚的热量不仅杀死了原本会生活在土壤中的微生物和细菌,而且也无法为任何类型的生物提供生命。您也可以将塑料布覆盖在花园上并窒息窒息。艾伦(Alan)认为,人造草是伪装成有机材料的花园的源头。人们被愚弄了’不错的选择。艾伦(Alan)辩称,这种不育的冒名顶替者以‘low maintenance’. I 能够’t disagree with him.

人造草坪的回收问题

除了将人造草皮填埋或被焚化以获取能源外,目前还没有回收人造草皮的方法。两者都只是将最终产品倾倒回环境中。在所有主要的人造草皮公司中,我’与之交谈的人中,没有一个人能够确认回收计划。一世’我不确定有什么。

Recycling is especially noticeable with the 3G crumb style artificial turf often used in stadiums and sports fields. Not only does this surface erode very quickly into plastic particles but there are currently no recycling options available. Below is a truly shocking image of a waste 桩 of artificial grass which will either be incinerated 要么 dumped in landfill.

人造草皮目前没有回收选择。这是荷兰东恩市的一个垃圾场,报废了成堆的人造草。 礼貌的‘Against 3G’ on 推特

Many of them said they are looking at using recycled plastics in 假 grass but couldn’提供任何细节。我参加的园艺博览会也是如此。我一问到那张令人困惑的面孔在哪里出现,对话很快就被关闭了。公司从字面上耸了耸肩,然后转向了其他赌徒。我真的不’认为没有人考虑在人造草坪的10年平均寿命后会发生什么。放眼其上方可怕的图像可以肯定地说,还有更多的人造草皮堆填区。

花园Ninjas award winning youtube channel

人造草皮节水

在我的研究过程中,大多数供应商都引用了 节约用水 使用人造草皮,因为您无需浇水。它’在整个辩论中,这一直是我真正的症结所在。我从不给草坪浇水。即使在热浪中也不行。草– as a species –是地球上最坚韧的植物之一,即使看起来像它,也会经常从死里复活’被炸了。我唯一一次浇水的时候’m铺设新的草皮或草种子。这是一项临时活动,一旦草坪在几周内开始长大,我便立即停止。事实上,如果你’re clever, then 铺设新草坪 in late Autumn 要么 sowing seed in early spring 能够 actually require tiny amounts of watering outside rainfall. So I totally refute this benefit of artificial turf.

花园Ninja unrolling turf on a garden makeover
如果你’re clever with the weather when laying turf you 能够 reduce the watering requirements considerably. Early Autumn is an ideal time.

概要

我开始探索人造草坪的过程’在网上以及客户询问如何将其安装在自己的花园中的情况下,价格都有所上涨。我最初的观点是,假草和人造植物是毫无意义的替代品。我以为它们只是一个没有实际价值的惰性物体。我以一种矛盾的态度看着使用它们的设计师。它’不是我,而是每个人。多年倡导园艺可以为您的心理健康和环境带来无穷的回报后,有人要求我这样做似乎很奇怪。‘fake’这个园艺方程的一部分?我几乎没有考虑过回收利用及其下的土壤破坏对环境的广泛影响。

但是,自从研究本文以来,我’m even more determined not to use 要么 promote artificial turf. Looking at the environmental consequences alone terrifies me. I knew artificial turf would have some negative impact but to see the true impact, that will continue for decades, terrifies me. I believe all designers, gardeners and homeowners should recognise how damaging their choices 能够 be with artificial turf.

鲜切草
真正的草皮为野生生物提供了栖息地,吸收了雨水并且几乎不需要关注。

人造草皮导致花园无菌,缺乏生物多样性,洪水风险增加以及与物理园艺的好处脱节。我们可能将塑料水瓶换成可重复使用的水瓶,但我们’然后将数千吨的塑料放到我们自己的后花园中。一世’我不确定人们甚至意识到这是多么虚伪吗?

I 能够 appreciate that people are busy. Time is precious. I truly believe that if homeowners knew what artificial turf is 真实ly doing to the environment they would be rejecting it as quickly as all the other single-use plastic.

My final thought is this. 如果你 want a 低维护 garden then that’s absolutely fine and achievable without artificial grass. Any decent designer 要么 landscaper 能够 suggest alternatives to a living lawn. Especially if it is going to become a maintenance burden 要么 you want to prevent pets 要么 children bringing muck inside. However, I’d建议使用体面的椰棕擦鞋垫可以很快解决此问题。砾石,石头或透水铺路有很多替代品。所有 无塑料 这鼓励而不是野蛮地野生动植物种群。

花园Ninja smiling with his dog barry
我们必须做更多的事情,以便在我们的花园中做出明智的决定,以支持野生动植物和环境。

您对人造草有意见吗?如果是这样我’d希望收到您的回音 推特脸书 or Instagram的 pages. 如果你’重新寻找减少花园中塑料用量的方法,然后为什么不查看我的 YouTube频道 在哪里’这是一个完整的系列。

花园Ninjas award winning youtube channel

(我要感谢在人造草皮论证的两边给我时间的每个人。已经向我提供了链接’ve spoken to and I’故意使草皮公司匿名。)

快乐园艺。

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